This study aimed to evaluate and compare the distribution of stress and displacement of teeth during maxillary arch distalization with IZC (Infra zygomatic crest) screw with two maxillary positions and different lever arm heights.
Settings and Design
Six three-dimensional finite element models of the maxillary arch were constructed with third molars extracted. Models 1, 2 and 3: IZC 6 (mesial to mesiobuccal root of first molar, 6) with 0mm, 4mm and 8mm lever arm height; Models 4, 5 and 6: IZC 7 (mesial to mesiobuccal root of second molar, 7) with 0mm, 4mm and 8mm, respectively.
Material and methods
MBT preadjusted Brackets (slot size 0.022×0.028") were placed over the clinical crown's centre with 0.019×0.025" stainless steel archwire on all six models. Retraction force of 4N was applied with different combinations of IZC screws and lever arm bilaterally using Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) closed coil spring. Then, evaluation of stress distribution, von Mises stress and maxillary teeth displacement were performed using ANSYS 12.1 software.
In this study, maximum von Mises stress in alveolar bone (cortical bone) was observed in Model 4 (107.79MPa) at the screw fixation site that was within the optimum limit (135MPa). Different extents of displacements like labiolingual tipping of crown, labiolingual tipping of root, extrusion and intrusion were noticed. The models with 0mm and 4mm lever arm height (models1, 2, 4 and 5) showed more controlled crown and root movements in comparison to 8mm long lever arm models (models 3 and 6). In model 5, a maximum distal movement compared to all other five models was observed.
IZC 7 position showed the most favourable results (maximum distalization) with the lever arm height of 4mm. Therefore, the nearer the force to the centre of resistance of the tooth, the greater is distalization. Stresses on the IZC screw decreases when lever arm height increases, in all the models.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Distalization, Finite element models, Infrazygomatic screws, Von Mises stress, Centre of resistance