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Smoothing the transition of adolescents with CF from pediatric to adult care: Pre-transfer needs - 04/05/21

Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2021.03.008 
V. Vion Genovese a, b, d, f, g, , M. Perceval a, b, L. Buscarlet-Jardine c, N. Pinsault d, A. Gauchet e, B. Allenet d, f, C. Llerena b, f, g
a CHU Grenoble Alpes UTEP BP 217, 38043 Grenoble, France 
b Filière muco CFTR 165, Hospices Civils de Lyon, chemin du Grand-Revoyet, 69310 Pierre-Bénite, France 
c Réseau EMERAA, rue Ambroise-Paré 69, Lyon, France 
d Grenoble-Alpes ThEMAS TIMC-IMAG (UMR CNRS 5525), Communaute d’Universites et Établissements Université Grenoble Alpes, 621, avenue Centrale, 38400 Saint-Martin-d’Hères, France 
e LIP/PC2S, Université Grenoble Alpes, Communaute d’Universités et Établissements Universite Grenoble Alpes, 38400 Saint-Martin-d’Hères, France 
f Unité Transversale en Éducation Thérapeutique du Patient, University Grenoble-Alpes ThEMAS TIMC-IMAG (UMR CNRS 5525), Communaute d’Universités et Établissements Université Grenoble Alpes, 38400 Saint-Martin-d’Hères, France 
g CRCM pédiatrique UTEP, filière muco CFTR, Communaute d’Universités et Établissements Université Grenoble Alpes, CHU Grenoble Alpes UTEP BP 217, 38043 Grenoble, France 

Corresponding author. CHU Grenoble Alpes UTEP BP 217, 38043 Grenoble, France.CHU Grenoble Alpes UTEP BP 217Grenoble38043France

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Abstract

Introduction

In France, the cystic fibrosis (CF) care pathway is performed in 45 CF centers, the life expectancy of patients has steadily increased, but to date there are no national recommendations for the transition from pediatric to adult care. The transition to an adult CF center still raises questions about the relevance of its organizational arrangements. The “SAFETIM need” study aimed to identify the organizational needs both of patients and of parents before the transfer to an adult CF center.

Methods

This was a prospective, observational, multicenter study conducted between July 2017 and December 2018, involving the three CF centers of a regional network in southeastern France. Each adolescent registered with the center and his or her parents were interviewed individually, on the same day, during the 6 months leading up to transfer. They participated in semi-structured interviews during one of their routine consultations at the CF center. The interview manual, based on literature reviews and targeting national recommendations, was tested and validated by the national CF therapeutic education group (GETheM). All interviews were transcribed and checked by two different people, and analyzed by two researchers individually. The results were classified by topic according to content categorization.

Results

Overall, 43 adolescents and 41 parents were interviewed, respectively, who were followed up by CF centers: 14% (n=6) in a mixed CF center (pediatric and adult); 19% (n=8) and 67% (n=29), respectively, in two different pediatric CF centers. Adolescents were between 16 and 19 years old. For adolescents, the average interview time was 5.11min. (standard deviation [SD]: 3.8min; minimum: 2.53min; maximum: 17.14min). For parents, the average interview time was 7.99min (SD: 3.56min, minimum: 3.43min; maximum: 22.50min).

Discussion

Our study enquired only about the preparation and organization of the transfer. We identified three areas of actions matching the needs of adolescents and parents before transfer. The first one is to anticipate team change to prepare follow-up in their future CF center: acquire new skills, consider the future CF center according to the adolescent's curriculum, be involved in the transition process. The second area is to accompany the upcoming change. The care team could help by providing information and support during the start of teenagers’ transition toward autonomy. And parents were aware that the CF center change will reverse roles. They must provide their own knowledge and manage the ambivalence of this as well as letting go. The third one is to announce the transition process and functioning of the future adult CF center, because the transition would require time to find their place (patients and parents) with the new team.

Conclusion

The “SAFETIM needs” pre-transfer study results show that we can identify the main criteria to be developed and strengthened, to promote a smooth, high-quality transition from pediatric to adult CF care for patients in France. For most patients, the transition cannot be prepared at the last minute. Caregivers need to develop specific skills in adolescent and young adult care and follow-up. Each team must consider the transition as a normal part of the patient care cycle. While it must be structured, some flexibility must be allowed so as to give everyone the chance to be prepared and to personalize the care.

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Keywords : Transition, Cystic fibrosis, Organization, Quality criteria, Needs


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© 2021  French Society of Pediatrics. Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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Vol 28 - N° 4

P. 257-263 - mai 2021 Retour au numéro
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