To assess volumetrically, the impact of vertical facial growth types (VFGT) on the mandibular interforaminal region as a potential bone donor site.
Material and methods
60 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of adult individuals were classified in three groups according to their SN-GoGn angle: hypodivergent group (hG) (N=20), normodivergent group (NG) (N=19) and hyperdivergent group (HG) (N=21). Total harvestable bone volume (TBV), cortico-cancellous bone volume (CBV-cBV), and cortical bone surface (CBS) were evaluated. ANOVA test followed by Tukey post hoc tests were used to compare the mean continuous outcomes according to their VFGT.
The whole sample showed a mean TBV of 1376.32±541.01mm3, CBV of 468.52±121.54mm3 and cBV of 908.73±474.71mm3. The mean CBS amounted to 782.58±146.80mm2.
The comparison between the groups stated a significantly different mean TBV and cBV (-p-value<0.001). The mean CBS was significantly different (-p-value=0.015): the smallest for the NG, but not significantly different (-p-value<0.001): the highest for the HG, intermediate for the NG and the smallest for the hG.
Hypodivergent individuals have the thickest cancellous bone suitable for an onlay bone graft, while hyperdivergent individuals have the thinnest bone ideal for a 3D grafting approach.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cone beam computed tomography, Symphysis, Bone donor site, Growth patterns, Cortical bone, Cancellous bone