During the first wave of the pandemic in France, the estimated overall infection hospitalization ratio (IHR, probability of hospitalization in infected adults) was 2.7%.
At that time, the estimated overall infection fatality ratio (IFR, probability of death in infected adults) was 0.49%.
Both IHR and IFR were higher in men.
IHR approximately doubled every 10 years while IFR doubled every 5 years.
IFR should not be neglected, even in young and middle-aged adults (0.042% in individuals aged 40-50 years).
This study aimed at estimating the SARS-CoV-2 infection hospitalization (IHR) and infection fatality ratios (IFR) in France.
Patients and methods
A serosurvey was conducted in 9782 subjects from the two French regions with the highest incidence of COVID-19 during the first wave of the pandemic and coupled with surveillance data.
IHR and IFR were 2.7% and 0.49% overall. Both were higher in men and increased exponentially with age. The relative risks of hospitalization and death were 2.1 (95% CI: 1.9-2.3) and 3.8 (2.4-4.2) per 10-year increase, meaning that IHR and IFR approximately doubled every 10 and 5 years, respectively. They were dramatically high in the very elderly (80-90 years: IHR: 26%, IFR: 9.2%), and also substantial in younger adults (40-50 years: IHR: 0.98%, IFR: 0.042%).
These findings support the need for comprehensive preventive measures to help reduce the spread of the virus, even in young or middle-aged adults.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Adult, Age-Specific Death Rate, COVID-19, France, SARS-CoV-2