The proposed hybrid model, with consideration of both CNN and SVM model advantages, shows significant improvement.
A Hybrid method on brain MRI images to detect and classify the tumor has been implemented.
The overall accuracy of the hybrid CNN-SVM obtained 98.4959%.
In this research paper, the brain MRI images are going to classify by considering the excellence of CNN on a public dataset to classify Benign and Malignant tumors.
Materials and Methods
Deep learning (DL) methods due to good performance in the last few years have become more popular for Image classification. Convolution Neural Network (CNN), with several methods, can extract features without using handcrafted models, and eventually, show better accuracy of classification. The proposed hybrid model combined CNN and support vector machine (SVM) in terms of classification and with threshold-based segmentation in terms of detection.
The findings of previous studies are based on different models with their accuracy as Rough Extreme Learning Machine (RELM)-94.233%, Deep CNN (DCNN)-95%, Deep Neural Network (DNN) and Discrete Wavelet Autoencoder (DWA)-96%, k-nearest neighbors (kNN)-96.6%, CNN-97.5%. The overall accuracy of the hybrid CNN-SVM is obtained as 98.4959%.
In today's world, brain cancer is one of the most dangerous diseases with the highest death rate, detection and classification of brain tumors due to abnormal growth of cells, shapes, orientation, and the location is a challengeable task in medical imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a typical method of medical imaging for brain tumor analysis. Conventional machine learning (ML) techniques categorize brain cancer based on some handicraft property with the radiologist specialist choice. That can lead to failure in the execution and also decrease the effectiveness of an Algorithm. With a brief look came to know that the proposed hybrid model provides more effective and improvement techniques for classification.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : MRI, Brain tumor analysis, ML, DL, CNN & SVM