Intracranial venous sinus stenoses are primary stenoses of intracranial lateral sinuses.
Intracranial venous sinus stenoses can lead to intracranial hypertension, venous pulsatile tinnitus, or skull base cerebrospinal fluid leak.
Venous sinus stenting has low morbidity and high success rates at long-term follow-up for the treatment of intracranial hypertension, venous pulsatile tinnitus or spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with venous sinus stenoses.
The purpose of this study was to analyze the long-term efficacy and safety of intracranial venous sinus stenting in a large cohort of patients with any type of presentation of primary lateral venous sinus stenosis (VSS).
Materials and methods
A retrospective cohort study was performed including patients treated by venous sinus stenting for symptomatic VSS from 2012 to 2019. Successful primary resolution of symptoms without adjunctive treatment or recurrence, and complications after stenting were analyzed at the last follow-up time point.
Two-hundred patients were included. There were 14 men and 186 women with a mean age of 39±14 (SD) years (age range: 13–75 years). Presenting symptoms included venous pulsatile tinnitus in 168 patients (168/200; 84%), idiopathic intracranial hypertension in 100 patients (100/200; 50%) and/or spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak in 35 patients (35/200; 17%). The overall rate of successful primary resolution of any typical presenting symptoms was 79% (95% CI: 73–85%). This rate ranged from 74% to 93% depending on the symptom with no significant difference between patients with and those without idiopathic intracranial hypertension (P=0.08). Recurrence rate was 10% (95% CI: 6–14%). No death or permanent morbidity were observed during a median follow-up of 2.2 years (Q1, Q3: 1.4, 3.3; range: 1–7.7 years).
Our study shows that venous sinus stenting has a low morbidity and high success rate at long-term follow-up for the treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension, venous pulsatile tinnitus or spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leak associated with VSS. The excellent safety suggests considering this treatment as first-line treatment when medical management is ineffective or poorly tolerated.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Pseudotumor cerebri, Stents, Transverse sinus, Cerebrospinal fluid leak, Tinnitus
Abbreviations : CI, CSF, CT, IIH, MR, SD, VSS, VPT