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Treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) requires specific approaches, although it is well codified in most cases. Current national and international (International Initiative on Cancer and Thrombosis, ITAC) Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) recommend the use of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) over 6 months as first treatment option, and anticoagulation should be maintained thereafter as long as cancer is active. Since compliance improves when patients understand their disease and related treatments, we created a dedicated patient education program (PEP) for CAT, aiming to improve quality of care.
Retrospective analysis of all patients who voluntarily joined the PEP for CAT from 2014 to 2020.
In total, 182 cancer patients (median age, 64.9 years) were included, 53.3% with metastatic disease. A total of 528 PEP sessions (median, 3 per patient) were delivered. After PEP completion, the rate of self-injections or those performed at home by a relative had increased from 49.1% to 59.8% (P=0.05). Quality of life had improved significantly (P=0.025) and 90.0% of patients reported adhering to anticoagulant therapy.
Implementation of a structured and personalized PEP for CAT is feasible, allowing to improve cancer patient empowerment, adherence to CAT treatment and quality of life. The Groupe francophone et cancer (GFTC) members aim at facilitating access to CAT-PEP for both patients and caregivers and use of the multi-language ITAC-CPG mobile app (free access: www.itaccme.com/) to improve the care and quality of life of patients with CAT.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cancer-associated thrombosis, Clinical practice guidelines, Anticoagulant, Patient education program, Multidisciplinary care program, Quality of care, Quality of life