To compare the postoperative position of the maxilla with the surgical treatment objectives (STO) in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery for evaluating the surgical accuracy and investigating the pattern and cause of the discrepancy.
Patients undergoing conventional bimaxillary orthognathic surgery by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon were enrolled. Utilizing the superimposition of preoperative and postoperative computed tomography images, the actual amounts of positional change of both the maxillary central incisor and first molars were compared with those of STO. All the patients were divided into two groups according to the actual discrepancy between STO and the postoperative position and factors that may affect surgical accuracy were analyzed.
In 62 cases, the absolute mean value of the positional difference between STO and the actual outcome was 2.20 mm (X-axis, 0.93 mm; Y-axis, 1.31 mm; and Z-axis, 1.09 mm) in the maxillary central incisor. The signed mean value of the central incisor was -0.07 mm, 0.79 mm, and -0.57 mm in the X-, Y-, and Z-axes, respectively, and the value in the Y- and Z-axes showed a statistically significant difference in comparison with STO (P<0.01). Age, sex, skeletal Angle classification, maxillary and mandibular profile, use of 3D virtual surgery, facial asymmetry, and yawing correction did not show a statistically significant correlation with surgical accuracy at the central incisor.
There was an acceptable range of discrepancy between postoperative maxillary position and STO after orthognathic surgery; however, there was a tendency for posterior and downward movement in the maxillary anterior teeth.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Key words : Orthognathic surgery, Maxillary osteotomy, Three-dimensional surgical accuracy