Nodules in Budd-Chiari syndrome and Fontan-associated liver disease show differences on magnetic resonance imaging at diagnosis and during follow-up.
Nodules in Budd-Chiari syndrome exhibit more changes in size and imaging features over time.
Almost half of the nodules in Fontan-associated liver disease do not show any changes follow-up.
To compare the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of benign liver lesions developed on Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) with those on Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) and to describe their long-term progression.
Materials and methods
Patients with BCS or FALD who underwent MRI between 2010 and 2020 were retrospectively included. MRI features of nodules (≥ 5 mm) at baseline and at final follow-up were reviewed. The final diagnosis of benign lesion was based on a combination of clinical and biological data and findings at follow-up MRI examination.
Two-hundred and thirty benign liver lesions in 39 patients with BCS (10 men, 29 women; mean age, 36 ± 11 [SD] years; age range: 15–66 years) and 84 benign lesions in 14 patients with FALD (2 men, 12 women; mean age, 31 ± 10 [SD] years; age range: 20–48 years) were evaluated. On baseline MRI, BCS nodules were more frequently hyperintense on T1-weighted (183/230, 80%) and hypointense on T2-weighted (142/230; 62%) images, while FALD nodules were usually isointense on both T1- (70/84; 83%) and T2-weighted (64/84; 76%) images (all P< 0.01). Most lesions showed arterial phase hyperenhancement (222/230 [97%] vs. 80/84 [95%] in BCS and FALD, respectively; P = 0.28) but wash-out was more common in BCS (64/230 [28%] vs. 9/84 [11%]; P < 0.01). At follow-up, changes were more frequent in BCS nodules with more frequent disappearance (P < 0.01), changes in size, signal intensity on T2-weighted, portal, and delayed phase, and in the depiction of washout and capsule (all P ≤ 0.03).
MRI features of benign lesions are different at diagnosis and during the course of the disease between BCS and FALD. Changes in size and MRI features are more frequent in benign lesions developed in BCS.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Budd-Chiari syndrome, Hepatic venous outflow obstruction, Liver neoplasms, Magnetic resonance imaging, Follow-up studies
Abbreviations : AFP, APHE, BCS, FALD, HCA, HCC, MRI, SD, WI