In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the association between dietary inflammatory potential, eating patterns, and quality of life among women.
This cross-sectional study involved 278 reproductive-aged women with obesity or overweight. Validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, the three-factor eating questionnaire (TFEQ)-18, and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were used to evaluate dietary intakes, quality of life, eating behaviors, and sleep quality, respectively. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to assess the association between variables.
Being unemployed, single, and having no children were determinants of choosing a diet with higher inflammatory potential. In multivariate logistic regression, higher DII scores were associated with lower quality of life components. In structural equation modeling, DII was negatively associated with waist circumference and cognitive restraint.
Women with higher restraint scores and women with higher waist circumferences were more likely to follow an anti-inflammatory diet. Further studies are warranted to better elucidate the mediatory associations between assessed variables to affect DII in this population.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), Health-related quality of life, PSQI, Obesity, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)