COVID-19 pandemic caused a dramatic decline in the gynecology emergency department (ED) visits. The Israeli government took a determined step of quarantine to suppress and control the spread. This study evaluates the effect of the COVID -19 quarantine on gynecology emergency department (ED) visits compared to the previous year.
Materials and methods
A retrospective case-control study was conducted during the first half-year of the COVID-19 pandemic and focused on the quarantine during April. In order to identify differences in the population's epidemiology and changes in the amount and type of emergency gynecological visits and surgeries, we compared patients during April 2020 (COVID-19 quarantine) to those who visited the gynecology ED during April 2019.
During January–June 2020 period, there was an overall 3707 patient visits in the gynecology ED, which represents a 22.8% decrease in patient visits compared to the previous year (2019, 4803 patients). There was a 36% decrease in the gynecology ED visits during the quarantine period. Patient demographics were similar between groups. Visits of nulliparous women were more common in the study group (p = .0001) and self-referral (p = .017). More post-operative complications and fewer patients with abdominal pain were admitted to the study group (p = .034 and p = .054, respectively). During the study, the hospitalization rate did not change 18.2% vs. 17.5% (p = 0.768). Hospitalization duration was significantly longer in the COVID-19 quarantine (2.8 ± 1.3 vs. 3.1 ± 1.5, p < 0.001). There was no significant difference among surgical procedure incidents.
Visits in the gynecology ED service decreased during the COVID-19 quarantine without compromising the treatment of gynecology emergencies. Many gynecologic complaints can be managed in community care settings without referral to an ED.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : COVID-19, Quarantine, Gynecology, Emergency department, Visits