The diagnosis of uncomplicated forms of thoracobrachial outlet syndrome (TOS) and brachial plexus stretching syndrome (BPSS) is imprecise due to the lack of clear differentiation between dynamic vascular or neurological compression and brachial plexus stretching without vascular compression. After a review of literature, we propose and describe a simple way for clinical assessment of TOS, BPSS or association of both comprising 1 clinical sign and 2 manoeuvres. This clinical assessment can be performed by the medical doctor, the physiotherapist and the surgeon. The clinical diagnosis is essential because it will dictate the rehabilitation treatment. We propose and describe also a rehabilitation protocol comprising 10 phases with modulation of exercises according to clinical form (TOS, BPSS or association) and/or severity of symptoms. The physiotherapist has a capital role and is the guarantor of the effectiveness of the medical treatment. In France, a training is now available thanks to personal continuous development for diagnosis and treatment of TOS and BPSS. This is essential in order to propose an optimal care to patients.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Thoracobrachial outlet syndrome, Brachial plexus stretching syndrome, Clinic, Colour duplex ultrasound, Rehabilitation
Vol 46 - N° 5-6P. 232-240 - octobre 2021 Retour au numéro
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