The use of proton pump inhibitors has increased exponentially over the past 20 years. Several side effects have been reported and concerns exist about the consequences of long-term proton pump inhibitors on health, leading to limitation of their use. The present study analyzed prescriptions of proton pump inhibitors at inpatient units and assessed their compliance with current recommendations.
This single-center, observational, retrospective study reviewed medical file of patients hospitalized at the pediatric medical departments of the Bordeaux University Hospital between April 1 and September 30, 2019. Patients younger than 18 years, hospitalized in the pediatric hospital units and treated with proton pump inhibitors were included. Prescriptions of proton pump inhibitors were compared with French and international guidelines.
Proton pump inhibitors were prescribed for 251 of 2237 children (11%), mainly for gastroesophageal reflux disease (47%) and prevention of peptic ulcer disease (32.7%). Proton pump inhibitor prescription complied to recommendations in 34.5% of cases, less often in children aged younger than 1 year (13.5%) than in older children. Compliance to recommendations was lower when proton pump inhibitors were indicated for the prevention of peptic disease (5%) than for gastroesophageal reflux disease (48%).
Proton pump inhibitors are frequently prescribed for hospitalized children, and indications comply with recommendations in only 35% of the cases. Efforts in spreading awareness of the recommendations on the use of proton pump inhibitors in children are mandatory among hospital pediatricians.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Proton pump inhibitors, Children
Abbreviations : GERD, MA, NSAID, PPIs