To study determinants associated with GPs’ compliance with benzodiazepine discontinuation guidelines through a case-vignette of a patient with multimorbidity treated with long-term lorazepam for insomnia.
This cross-sectional survey was performed in a sample of French GPs. The questionnaire included items on their characteristics and questions related to the management of a case-vignette with long-term lorazepam use consulting for a prescription renewal. GPs who proposed a dedicated consultation to discuss discontinuation or progressive discontinuation were considered as “following guidelines”, while they were considered as “out-of-guidelines” if they proposed immediate discontinuation or decided not to discontinue lorazepam. A backward selection process was used to select factors to be included in the final logistic regression model. The probabilities of out-of-guidelines practice and their 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were then plotted using a heatmap graph.
Of 1,177 GPs, the majority (92.2%) were aware of the necessity to discontinue lorazepam and reported practice consistent with good practice guidelines. Women GPs aged under 50 years had the lowest estimated probability of out-of-guidelines practice. Conversely, men aged over 58 years with high consideration of patient preferences and low concern about the benefit-risk ratio of lorazepam had the highest probability of out-of-guidelines practice (27.3% [18.7%; 34.7%]).
GPs largely reported practice compliant with benzodiazepine discontinuation guidelines, although some GPs, mainly older men who overemphasise patient preferences, were more likely to adopt out-of-guidelines practice.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Surveys and questionnaires, General practitioners, Benzodiazepines, Practice guideline, Guideline adherence