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Association of violent video games with alcohol use disorder and smoking dependence among male adolescents in Lebanon - 30/06/22

Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2022.05.014 
Iqbal Fahs a, Marwan Akel a, b, Diana Malaeb a, c, Chadia Haddad b, d, e, Nelly Kheir e, Souheil Hallit e, f, h, , Sahar Obeid b, g,
a School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut, Lebanon 
b INSPECT-LB: National Institute of Public Health, Clinical Epidemiology and Toxicology, Beirut, Lebanon 
c School of Pharmacy, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates 
d School of Health Sciences, Modern University of Business and Science, Beirut, Lebanon 
e Research Department, Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, Jal Eddib, Lebanon 
f School of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, P.O. Box 446, Jounieh, Lebanon 
g Social and Education Sciences Department, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Jbeil, Lebanon 
h Psychology Department, College of Humanities, Effat University, Jeddah 21478, Saudi Arabia 

Corresponding authors at: Social and Education Sciences Department, School of Arts and Sciences, Lebanese American University, Jbeil, LebanonSocial and Education Sciences DepartmentSchool of Arts and SciencesLebanese American UniversityJbeilLebanon

Abstract

Background

With the well-known serious effects of alcohol and nicotine dependence on adolescents’ well-being, and knowing that males are more exposed to violent video gaming, this study was conducted to examine the association between exposure to violent video gaming and alcohol, cigarette, and waterpipe dependence among male Lebanese adolescents.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted with Lebanese male students (13–17 years old) between October and December 2019. The Video Game Questionnaire was utilized to assess the content of violence in video games. For the assessment of alcohol, cigarette, and waterpipe dependence, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test scale (AUDIT), Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), and Lebanese Waterpipe Dependence Scale (LWDS) were used, respectively. Log transformation was used for the three addiction scores. Four linear regressions were performed taking the AUDIT, FTND, LWDS, and violent video gaming scores as dependent variables.

Results

From the 388 students enroled (mean age= 15.83 ± 1.93 years), 190 (48.8%) were classified as having violent video gaming. Older age (beta=0.049) and more violent video gaming (beta=0.006) were significantly associated with more cigarette dependence. More violent video gaming (beta=0.003) was significantly associated with more waterpipe dependence. Older age (beta=−0.090) was significantly associated with lower alcohol use disorder, whereas more violent video gaming (beta=0.005) was significantly associated with more alcohol use disorder.

Conclusion

The study supports an association between higher exposure to violent video game and higher alcohol and smoking dependence among male teenagers in Lebanon. Hence, support and guidance should be implemented to raise awareness and protect teenagers.

Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.

Keywords : Alcohol, Nicotine, Waterpipe, Dependence, Violent video gaming, Adolescent


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© 2022  French Society of Pediatrics. Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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Vol 29 - N° 5

P. 354-358 - juillet 2022 Retour au numéro
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