Infant botulism is a rare and life-threatening disease caused by the inhalation of Clostridium botulinum spores and differs from adult forms. We report the case of infant botulism in a 4-month-old boy who was exclusively breastfed without any consumption of honey. He presented with severe and acute encephalo-myelo-radiculitis. The patient was treated without success for suspected “postviral” central nervous system inflammatory disease. The diagnosis was eventually made 20 days after the onset of symptoms on the basis of a stool sample. Recovery was complete. Infant botulism should be suspected when infants present with acute flaccid paralysis or brainstem weakness and specific immunoglobulins should be administered.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Infant botulism, Pediatric neurology, Pediatric intensive care unit