Background and purpose
The EREMI project was set up to collect data on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) occurring due to off-label and/or unlicensed drugs prescribed to hospitalised children in France. These events were evaluated by a regional pharmacovigilance centre (RPC) and an adjudication committee (AC). The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between these two different entities on their evaluation of ADRs.
The RPC first validated the ADRs and assessed their causality using the Naranjo scale. The AC assessed then ADRs using all available information, including the RPC evaluation. The agreement on severity and nature of ADRs, role of treatment (suspect or concomitant) and drug causality was calculated using Cohen's nonparametric kappa coefficient (k).
Three hundred and eighty-six events were reported in 219 children. The RPC excluded 65 events and validated 321 ADRs. Agreement was very good on nature of ADRs (k=0.85) and role of treatment (k=0.81), moderate on severity of ADRs (k=0.60) and very poor on drug causality (k=0.05).
Conclusion and implications
Agreement between the RPC and the AC was not constant throughout this evaluation. They troubled to agree on severe ADRs and on drug causality.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Drug-related side effects and adverse reactions, Causality, Pharmacovigilance, Child