Cancer immunotherapy is an attractive approach for antigen-specific T cell-mediated antitumor therapy, especially for the induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). An human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2-restricted melanoma-associated antigen-A11 (MAGE-A11) peptide was developed that exhibited a potent capacity to induce cytotoxicity towards MAGE-A11-positive breast cancer cells by activating CTLs. However, this antitumor immune response can be suppressed by inhibitory pathways. Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and T cell immunoglobulin domain and mucin domain 3 (TIM-3) pathways are two important pathways involved in the tumor-mediated immune suppression. The present study aimed to augment the efficacy of MAGE-A11 antigen-specific CTLs via blocking PD-1 and TIM-3. The results showed that the expression levels of PD-1 and TIM-3 were unregulated during T cell induction, expansion and target cell killing. Blockade of PD-1 and TIM-3 modulated T cell proliferation, transformation and survival. In addition, treatment of cells with antibodies against PD-1 and TIM-3 enhanced the cytotoxicity of MAGE-A11 antigen-specific CTLs against breast cancer cells. The aforementioned findings suggested that MAGE-A11 antigen-specific CTLs accompanied by PD-1 and TIM-3 blockade could be considered as a potential therapy approach for breast cancer.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : TIM-3, PD-1, Blockade, Cytotoxic T lymphocyte