With the advent of biodegradable osteosynthesis material, titanium osteosynthesis for ORIF in pediatric maxillofacial trauma is not as indisputable as before. The aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review to assess the indications, complications of ORIF with titanium osteosynthesis material in pediatric maxillofacial trauma.
A systematic search was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, gray literature (ICTRP and clinicaltrials.gov) for studies published until April 2022. 3436 studies were screened and finally 13 articles, compromising a sample of 340 pediatric patients were included after full text reading.
Reported complications were infection (6.5% of population), malocclusion (5% of population) and dental maleruption (8% of population). Influence on future growth could not be assessed due to short and heterogeneous follow-up periods. Eight of the thirteen studies concluded to a positive and predictable outcome using titanium ORIF for displaced/complex pediatric maxillofacial fractures.
Results of this review suggest that titanium ORIF for maxillofacial fractures in the pediatric population is a reliable treatment. The surgeon must be committed to following these patients longitudinally. Interpreting the results should, however, be done with great care, as most articles have a medium to high risk of bias and limited follow-up.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Pediatric, Maxillofacial trauma, ORIF, Titanium, Complications