Some reports have described intraosseous arteriovenous fistulas showing osteolytic changes, but an osseous arteriovenous fistula (AVF) at the jugular bulb showing extensive bone destruction is a very rare disease.
A 60-year-old man presented with pulsatile tinnitus and right facial nerve palsy. Radiological imaging showed a large homogenously enhanced osteolytic lesion at the right jugular foramen. A cerebral angiogram showed a high-flow vascular lesion of the jugular bulb associated with retrograde sinus reflux, resulting in venous congestion of the deep venous system. These findings led us to misdiagnose this lesion as a glomus jugular tumor. However, combined arterial and venous angiography after transarterial embolization revealed the precise angioarchitecture, and we finally diagnosed this lesion as a high-flow osseous AVF at the jugular bulb. We performed transvenous embolization using a triple catheter technique. The lesion was successfully obliterated, and the 6-months angiogram showed no recurrence.
A rare case of high flow osseous AVF at the jugular bulb associated with osteolytic changes in the surrounding bony structure is reported. Although many hypervascular lesions at the jugular bulb are glomus tumors, bone destructive osseous AVF at the jugular bulb should be considered.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Bone destruction, Osseous arteriovenous fistula, Glomus jugular tumor, Jugular bulb, Osteolytic
Abbreviations : AVF, TAE, CT, MRI, CCAG, CCA, TVE, DSA