Introduction and objective
Dorsal rhizotomy is a controversial procedure for treating spasticity in children with cerebral palsy, particularly regarding the influence of intraoperative neuromonitoring (ION). The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of ION in adjusting root sectioning compared the preoperative program established by the multidisciplinary team.
Material and methods
Twenty-four consecutive children with spastic diplegia or quadriplegia, operated on between 2017 and 2020 in the University Hospital of Nancy, France, were studied. All underwent the same procedure: Keyhole Intralaminar Dorsal rhizotomy (KIDr) with enlarged multilevel interlaminar openings to access all roots from L2 to S2. The Ventral Root (VR) was stimulated to map radicular myotomes, and the Dorsal Root (DR) to test excitability of the segmental circuitry. Muscle responses were observed independently by the physiotherapist and by EMG-recordings. The study compared final root sectioning per radicular level and per side after ION versus the preoperative program determined by the multidisciplinary team.
ION resulted in significant differences in final percentage root sectioning (P<0.05), with a decrease for L2 and L3 and an increase for L5. ION modified the symmetry of sectioning, with 32% instead of 5% in preoperative program. Only 5 children showed change in GMFC score 6 months after surgery.
The use of ION during dorsal rhizotomy led to important modifications of root sectioning during surgery, which justifies individual control of each root, level by level and side by side, to optimize the therapeutic effect.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Dorsal Rhizotomy, Cerebral Palsy, Spastic diplegia/quadriplegia-Intraoperative Neuromonitoring (ION), Personalized surgery