Describe the evolution of the expenses and the number of boxes of nicotine replacement therapy reimbursed by the French health insurance between 2016 (flat rate of €.150/year with advance payment) and 2019 (65% reimbursement without in advance payment and without a spending limit).
Setting and participants
Descriptive and analytical epidemiological study between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2019 based on a retrospective collection of data from OpenMEDIC (the merged French health insurances drug claim database) on the number of reimbursed NRT boxes dispensed by community pharmacies and their annual cost.
During 4 years, 7.4 million boxes of NRT were reimbursed (total cost of 148.4 million euros): approximately 300,000 in 2016, 650,000 in 2017, 1.9 million in 2018 and 4.6 million in 2019, namely a fifteen-fold increase between 2016 and 2019 (a geometric growth ratio of 2.5 each year). This increase was slightly more pronounced among men than among women, and concerned more NRT delivered from time to time (gums, tablets): transdermal devices proportion decreased from 79.7% of reimbursed NRT in 2016 to 52.9% in 2019, with an increase in gums (8% to 13.3%) and sublingual tablets (8.4% to 15.8%) over the same period.
The evolution of NRT reimbursement comes with an increase in NRT deliveries. This suggests a real medical need rather than a short trend: therefore, this suggests a catch-up in the access to care.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Insurance, Health, Reimbursement, Tobacco use cessation devices