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Which sports have a higher risk of maxillofacial injuries? - 24/11/22

Doi : 10.1016/j.jormas.2022.11.017 
Ricardo Grillo a, b, , Yuri Slusarenko da Silva c, Marconi Gonzaga Tavares b, Alexandre Meireles Borba d, Sahand Samieirad e, Maria da Graça Naclério-Homem a
a Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Traumatology and Prosthesis – Faculty of Dentistry of the University of São Paulo, Brazil 
b Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculdade Patos de Minas, Brasília, Brazil 
c School of Dentistry – UniFG University Center, (Faculty of Guanambi), Bahia, Brazil 
d Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, General Hospital of Cuiaba, Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, Brazil 
e Department of Oral & Maxillofacial surgery, Mashhad dental school, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran 

Corresponding author at: University of São Paulo – Faculdade de Odontologia, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2227. Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP Brazil. 05508-000.University of São Paulo – Faculdade de OdontologiaAv. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2227. Cidade UniversitáriaSão PauloSP05508-000Brazil
Sous presse. Épreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le Thursday 24 November 2022

Abstract

Objectives

Sports etiology is one of the most common causes of maxillofacial injuries. This work aimed to provide an up-to-date review of sports-related maxillofacial injuries.

Methods

An updated review was conducted on Pubmed and Google Scholar. No publication year and language restrictions were applied. Two different search strategies were performed, the first addressed which sports, generally associated with maxillofacial injuries, and the second search was conducted to determine the frequency of maxillofacial injuries associated with each sport individually.

Results

The first search returned 26 articles distributed across different sports, from different countries, and with varied age distribution. The second search displayed 85 articles on individual sports group. Papers were rated and categorized according by the sport associated to the reported injury. A useful sports risk scale for maxillofacial injuries has been developed. Peculiar themes from all participating sports were evaluated. The use of protective equipment and other preventive measures were highlighted.

Conclusions

Some sports with ball and cycling can be considered riskier sports for maxillofacial injuries. Athlete education and the mandatory use of mouthguards, helmets, and eye protection, among other things, are crucial to prevent these injuries. Tailor-made mouthguards and protective masks, which are becoming cheaper, are in vogue. The Sports-related Maxillofacial Injuries Risk scale can be useful for athletes, athletic coaches, and maxillofacial surgeons.

Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.

Keywords : Athletic injuries, Facial bones, Maxillofacial injuries, Sports medicine, Tooth injuries


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