This quality improvement project evaluated interventions implemented to enhance individual adherence to a lung-protective ventilation strategy and its triad: low tidal volume, PEEP ≥ 5, recruitment manoeuvres.
For two years, nine anaesthesia workstations were connected to an automated cloud-based analytics software tool, which automatically recorded ventilation parameters as soon as a new patient case was opened. Four quality improvement periods were determined over the first year: baseline, intervention, no intervention, intervention + digital. In the second year, the digital strategy was continued for nine months, followed by a final “overtime” period. Baseline and no intervention periods included no training. The intervention period included both conventional and educational programs. The digital period included pop-up messages, which automatically appeared on the screen of the anaesthesia data management system when patients were intubated. The primary endpoint was provider adherence to the recommended triad.
From October 2018 to December 2020, 12,883 procedures were performed. Data were available for 8968 procedures: baseline (n = 2361), intervention (n = 2423), no intervention (n = 1064), intervention + digital (n = 1862), overtime (n = 1258). Age, Predicted Body Weight, ASA score, type of surgery and airway management were similar between periods. At baseline, 75.2% of procedures reported low tidal volume but only 6.9% involved the complete triad. At over time, Triad was 22% (p < 0.001). Over study period, each parameter of the Triad (RM, Vt and Peep) increased (p < 0.001 vs. baseline), driving pressure decreased although EtCO2 and plateau pressure had not changed.
Training with the help of digital apps improved LPV adherence over time.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Protective ventilation, Recruitment, Quality improvement project, Software, Adherence