Mechanically assisted crevice corrosion (MACC) has been associated with the compromised durability and fixation of modular total hip implants, adverse reaction of local tissue, and other undesirable clinical outcomes in total hip arthroplasty (THA). MACC is primarily caused by the relative motion between the femoral head and stem. To minimize the relative motion the taper connection between the two components must be strong enough. The current study addressed the following questions: (1) Does increasing the mass of the femoral stem improve the taper connection strength intraoperatively? (2) Does increasing the mass of the femoral stem reduce the risk of periprosthetic tissue damage intraoperatively?
Increasing the mass of the femoral stem improve the taper connection strength intraoperatively.
Materials and methods
During the experiment, femoral heads were impacted onto the stem tapers with and without an additional weight attached to the stem. The femoral heads were then pulled off to investigate the strength of the taper connection. The stem displacement and acceleration at impaction were also measured to evaluate the risk of periprosthetic tissue damage.
The results showed that the pull-off force was increased by 24% (p=0.011, n=6) when an additional weight was attached to the stem. The additional weight also reduced the maximum stem acceleration and maximum stem displacement by 37% (p<0.001, n=6) and 14% (p=0.094, n=6), respectively.
These findings suggest that the femoral head and stem taper connection strength can be significantly improved and the risk of periprosthetic tissue damage significantly reduced intraoperatively by attaching an additional weight to the stem to increase its mass.
Level of evidence
III, comparative in vitro mechanical investigation.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Total hip arthroplasty (THA), Impaction, Femoral head, Stem taper, Corrosion