To determine the association between tampons and toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in menstruating women.
Materials and methods
We found only case and control Studies. We conducted a search strategy on each of the following databases: MEDLINE through Ovid, EMBASE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register Center (CENTRAL), and LILACS. Then, we extracted data and assessed the risk of bias by the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale. We also performed a meta-analysis of the included studies.
Of 90 studies evaluated, after debugging the information, six studies were selected, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Findings in the meta-analysis show that the global estimate of the OR=19.60; (95% CI: 8.31–46.24) indicates a conclusive significant effect in using tampons as a risk factor in TSS. The study presented a low level of heterogeneity (I2=0%). Also, all studies showed a score greater than three, representing a low risk of bias.
Tampons use is considered a risk factor for Toxic Shock Syndrome.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Tampons, Toxic shock syndrome, Menstrual cycle