Uterine arterial blood flow is an important factor in embryonic development. Increased uterine artery blood flow resistance may be related to vascular damage. Homocysteine (HCY) can induce injury of endothelial through various pathways. Therefore, we investigate the association between serum HCY levels and uterine artery blood flow in the non-pregnant state in women who have experienced pregnancy loss (PL).
364 women eligible for PL were included in the study. The detection of HCY was completed by the Laboratory of Lanzhou University Second Hospital. We divided the patients into three groups: Low-HCY (HCY<10 umol/L, n = 144), Medium-HCY (HCY 10∼15 umol/L, n = 174) and High-HCY (HCY>15 umol/L, n = 46). The patients were subjected to vaginal color Doppler ultrasonography to measure bilateral uterine artery resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI) and peak systolic velocity/end diastolic velocity (S/D).
Among 364 women, the right uterine artery RI in L-HCY, M-HCY, and H-HCY groups were 0.78±0.08, 0.79±0.07 and 0.81±0.07, respectively (P = 0.04). The left uterine artery RI in L-HCY, M-HCY, and H-HCY groups were 0.78±0.08, 0.81±0.07 and 0.81±0.07, respectively (P = 0.01). The right uterine artery RI level and the left uterine artery RI was significantly associated with HCY level (r = 0.103, P = 0.050; r = 0.104, P = 0.047, respectively). Of these, 177 women experienced their next pregnancy, and 33 patients experienced PL again. The pregnancy rate in l-HCY, M-HCY, and H-HCY groups were 47.92% (69/144), 49.43% (86/174) and 47.83% (22/46), respectively (P = 0.95). In next pregnancy, the PL rate in l-HCY, M-HCY, and H-HCY groups were 8.70% (6/69), 22.58% (22/86) and 22.73% (5/22), respectively (P = 0.03).
HCY can increase the uterine artery resistance in the non-pregnant state and is associated with the abortion rate of next pregnancy.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Homocysteine, Pregnancy loss, Uterine artery blood flow, Pulsatility index, Resistance index