In patients with a large uterus, an important part of the laparoscopic hysterectomy operation time is the phase of removing the uterus from the abdomen.The development of techniques that will shorten the morcellation time is the key to reducing the total operation time.
To evaluate the effect of vaginal cuff vertical incision in accelerating removal of the large uterus in laparoscopic hysterectomy.
This study was performed with patients who underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy. In the study group, a vertical incision was performed in the middle of the posterior vaginal stump before the vaginal removal of the larger uterus (weighing more than 500 g). The control group consisted of patients who underwent vaginal morcellation after conventional colpotomy. Patients in both groups were matched in terms of uterine weights +/-50 g and the same vaginal morcellation technique was applied to all patients.
In patients who underwent a vertical incision procedure, the time to remove the uterus from the abdomen (17.55±2.53 min vs 26.62±4.72 min, p<0.001) and the total operation time (130.81±12.83 min vs.143.29±13, 15 min, p = 0.001) was statistically significantly less than the patients without vertical incision. There was no difference between the groups in terms of intraoperative complications, drop in hemoglobin levels, time to flatus, postoperative 6th,24th hour visual analog score and length of hospital stay.
The vertical incision procedure reduces the time to remove the large uterus from the abdomen after laparoscopic hysterectomy and, accordingly, the total operation time. This procedure may be the preferred method before vaginal morcellation, especially in large uterus.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Surgical technique, Total laparoscopic hysterectomy, Large uterus, Vaginal morcellation