The aim of the study was to analyze the weaning success, the type of weaning procedures, and weaning duration in consecutive infants hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit over a winter season.
A retrospective observational study was conducted in a pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary center. Infants hospitalized for severe bronchiolitis were included and the weaning procedure from continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), noninvasive ventilation (NIV), or high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) was analyzed.
Data from 95 infants (median age, 47 days) were analyzed. On admission, 26 (27%), 46 (49%), and 23 (24%) infants were supported with CPAP, NIV, and HFNC, respectively. Weaning failed in one (4%), nine (20%), and one (4%) infants while supported with CPAP, NIV, or HFNC, respectively (p = 0.1). In infants supported with CPAP, CPAP was stopped directly in five patients (19%) while HFNC was used as an intermediate ventilatory support in 21 (81%). The duration of weaning was shorter for HFNC (17 h, [IQR: 0–26]) than for CPAP (24 h, [14–40]) and NIV (28 h, [19–49]) (p < 0.01).
The weaning phase corresponds to a large proportion of noninvasive ventilatory support duration in infants with bronchiolitis. The weaning procedure following a “step-down” strategy may lead to an increase in the duration of weaning.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Infant, Weaning, Critically ill children, Acute respiratory failure, Mechanical ventilation