Little is known about blood lymphocyte subpopulations in children with common (CO) or syndromic (SO) obesity. We aimed to describe the blood lymphocyte profiles of obese children and to search for associations with clinical phenotypes.
Main blood lymphocyte subpopulations were analyzed in 159 children with CO and 34 with SO in a retrospective cohort. Phenotypes included obesity history, body mass index (BMI) Z score, percentage fat mass, and inflammatory parameters. Correlations were performed between phenotypes and circulating lymphocyte profiles.
Children with SO had a higher BMI Z score (5.5 ± 1.7 SD) than children with CO (4.7 ± 0.9 SD; p = 0.01). Significant differences were found for lymphocyte counts, including a higher percentage of CD19+ B cells (SO = 20.1 ± 6.7 vs. CO = 17.1 ± 6.1%, p = 0.03), despite lower absolute numbers (SO = 0.57 ± 0.20 vs. CO = 0.63 ± 1.9 g/L, p < 0.01). However, no difference in the lymphocyte profile was found between children with SO and those with the most severe CO (BMI Z score ≥ 4.7 SD).
Children with SO have altered blood lymphocyte profiles with increased prevalence of CD19+ B cells, which is closely linked to the degree of obesity severity and inflammatory markers.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Childhood obesity, Immunology, Adipose tissue, Inflammation
Abbreviations : BBS, BMI, CO, PWS, SO, B-CD 19+, T-CD3+, T-CD3+CD4+, T-CD3+CD8+, NK