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In OHCA and NSTEMI, an ECG-based decision to guide management is insufficient to identify unstable coronary lesions.
Intracoronary imaging can help to detect plaque rupture/erosion and intracoronary thrombus.
In OHCA and STEMI, as stent thrombosis is associated with increased mortality, intracoronary imaging-guided PCI can help to improve outcomes.
About 70% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests are related to an ischaemic heart disease in Western countries. Percutaneous coronary intervention has been shown to improve the prognosis of survivors when an unstable coronary lesion is identified as the potential cause of the cardiac arrest. Acute complete coronary occlusion is often demonstrated among patients with ST-segment elevation on electrocardiogram after the return of spontaneous circulation. In patients without ST-segment elevation, routine coronary angiography has been shown to be not superior to conservative management. However, an electrocardiogram-based decision to perform immediate coronary angiography could be insufficient to identify unstable coronary lesions, which are frequently associated with intermediate coronary stenosis. Intracoronary imaging can be helpful to detect plaque rupture or erosion and intracoronary thrombus, but could also lead to better stent implantation, and help to reduce the risk of stent thrombosis. In patients with coronary lesions without the instability characteristic, conservative management should be the default strategy, and a search for another cause of the cardiac arrest should be systematic. In the present review, we sought to describe the potential benefit of intracoronary imaging in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cardiac arrest, Acute coronary syndrome, Intracoronary imaging
Abbreviations : CI, HR, IVUS, MACE, NSTEMI, OCT, OHCA, OR, PCI, ROSC, SCAI, STEMI, TIMI