The endothelium is an active and crucial component of vessels and produces several key regulatory factors for the homeostasis of the entire organism. Endothelial function can be investigated invasively or non-invasively, both in the coronary and peripheral circulation. A widely accepted method for the assessment of endothelial function is measurement of flow-mediated dilation (FMD), which evaluates the vascular response to changes in blood flow.
In this current review, we describe FMD applications in the clinical setting of different respiratory diseases: acute SARS-COV2 infection, pulmonary embolism; post-acute SARS-COV2 infection, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Obstructive Sleep Apneas Syndrome, Pulmonary Hypertension, Interstitial Lung Diseases.
Emerging evidence shows that FMD might be an effective tool to assess the cardiovascular risk in patients suffering from the undermentioned respiratory diseases as well as an independent predictive factor of disease severity and/or recovery.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : endothelial function, biomarkers, disability, rehabilitation, outcomes