In the last decades, outcomes significantly improved for both heart transplantation and LVAD. Heart transplantation remains the gold standard for the treatment of end stage heart failure and will remain for many years to come. The most relevant limitations are the lack of grafts and the effects of long-term immunosuppressive therapy that involve infectious, cancerous and metabolic complications despite advances in immunosuppression management. Mechanical circulatory support has an irreplaceable role in the treatment of end-staged heart failure, as bridge to transplant or as definitive implantation in non-transplant candidates. Although clinical results do not overcome those of HTx, improvement in the new generation of devices may help to reach the equipoise between the two therapies.
This review will go through the evolution, current status and perspectives of both therapeutics.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Abbreviations : DBD, DCD, ECMO, HF, HTx, LVAD, MCS, RVAD, TAH, XTx