Since the number of patients diagnosed with Down syndrome seeking orthodontic treatment is increasing, clinicians could contribute by applying diagnostic modalities used frequently in the orthodontic field for research purposes. Thus, The aim of the present study is to implement morphometric methods to investigate the size and shape of sella turcica in subjects with Down syndrome.
Materials and Methods
In this retrospective study, archive records of 24 individuals with Down syndrome were compared to 48 healthy controls matched for age and gender. Parameters such as sella anterior, midpoint, and posterior height were measured, as well as sella width, area, and length were calculated. Independent sample t-tests were applied for the comparison of differences in sella turcica dimensions. Geometric morphometric analysis of the sella was performed with, implementing methods such as Procrustes superimposition and principal component analysis. Statistical significance was set at p<0.05.
Statistically significant differences were found for sella anterior height, sella midpoint height, sella posterior height, sella maximum height, sella length, and sella area. All the aforementioned values were significantly increased in the Down syndrome subjects (p<0.05). Principal component analysis (PCA) depicted a statistically significant difference in sella shape between patients with Down syndrome and healthy controls (p<0.05).
Subjects with Down syndrome presented significantly increased sella turcica dimensions as well statistically significant differences in shape compared to healthy controls.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cephalometric radiography, Down syndrome, Genetics, Geometric morphometrics, Sella turcica