Little is known about the association between MASLD and risk of CKD and diabetic retinopathy in people with type 1 diabetes.
In adults with type 1 diabetes MASLD with and without coexisting significant fibrosis was associated with an increased risk of prevalent CKD and retinopathy.
This association remained significant after adjusting for multiple renal risk factors.
We examined whether metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) with or without significant fibrosis (assessed by validated non-invasive biomarkers) was associated with an increased risk of prevalent chronic kidney disease (CKD) or diabetic retinopathy in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM).
We performed a retrospective multicenter cross-sectional study involving 1,409 adult outpatients with T1DM, in whom hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and fibrosis (FIB)-4 index were calculated for non-invasively detecting hepatic steatosis (defined by HSI > 36), with or without coexisting significant fibrosis (FIB-4 index ≥ 1.3 or < 1.3). CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or urine albumin/creatinine ratio ≥ 3.0 mg/mmol. The presence of diabetic retinopathy was also recorded in all participants.
Patients with MASLD and significant fibrosis (n=93) had a remarkably higher prevalence of CKD and diabetic retinopathy than their counterparts with MASLD without fibrosis (n=578) and those without steatosis (n=738). After adjustment for sex, diabetes duration, hemoglobin A1c, hypertension, and use of antihypertensive or lipid-lowering medications, patients with SLD and significant fibrosis had a higher risk of prevalent CKD (adjusted-odds ratio 1.76, 95% confidence interval 1.05-2.96) than those without steatosis. Patients with MASLD without fibrosis had a higher risk of prevalent retinopathy (adjusted-odds ratio 1.49, 95% CI 1.13-1.46) than those without steatosis.
This is the largest cross-sectional study showing that MASLD with and without coexisting significant fibrosis was associated, independently of potential confounders, with an increased risk of prevalent CKD and retinopathy in adults with T1DM.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Chronic kidney disease, CKD, Diabetic retinopathy, Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease, Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, Steatotic liver disease, Type 1 diabetes
Abbreviations : MASLD, NAFLD, SLD, T1DM, CKD, BMI, AST, ALT, GGT, eGFR, ACR, CKD-EPI, HSI, FIB-4