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The effect of illness-related fears of parents of children with epilepsy during the COVID-19 period on their children's seizure self-efficacy - 10/06/24

Doi : 10.1016/j.arcped.2024.02.008 
Dijle Ayar a, , Murat Bektas b, Aycan Ünalp c, Ünsal Yılmaz c, Fulya Merve Kos d, Tuncay Derya Okur e, Hatice Hilal Kırkgöz e, Saliha Yanar e
a Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University Faculty of Health Science, Pediatric Nursing Department, Alanya, Turkey 
b Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Nursing, Pediatric Nursing Department, Izmir, Turkey 
c University of Health Sciences Turkey, Izmir Faculty of Medicine, Behçet Uz Children's Education and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Izmir, Turkey 
d Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University Faculty of Health Science, Bilecik, Turkey 
e University of Health Sciences Turkey, Behçet Uz Children's Education and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Izmir, Turkey 

Corresponding author at: Postal Adress: Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University Faculty of Health Science, Pediatric Nursing Department, Alanya, Antalya, Turkey.Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University Faculty of Health SciencePediatric Nursing DepartmentAlanya, AntalyaTurkey

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Sous presse. Épreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le Monday 10 June 2024

Highlights

There is a strong and negative correlation between the fear experienced by parents about epilepsy during the COVID-19 period and the seizure self-efficacy of children with epilepsy.
As the fear experienced by parents about epilepsy during the COVID-19 period increased, the seizure self-efficacy of children with epilepsy decreased.
As the seizure self-efficacy of children with epilepsy decreased, the fear experienced by parents about epilepsy during the COVID-19 period increased.

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Abstract

Background

Seizure-related self-efficacy is the belief individuals have that they can perform the necessary actions to cope effectively with their seizures. Determining, developing, strengthening, and maintaining the perception of self-efficacy in children with epilepsy facilitates the child's disease management and their ability to cope with it. This study aimed to assess the impact of epilepsy-related parental fears during the COVID-19 period on the seizure self-efficacy of their children.

Methods

A total of 321 children with epilepsy and their parents participated in this descriptive, correlational, and cross-sectional study. Data were collected through the Descriptive Information Form, the Seizure Self-Efficacy Scale for Children (SSES-C), and the Epilepsy-Related Fears in Parents Questionnaire (EFPQ). Descriptive statistics, including frequency, percentage, and mean scores, were used to analyze the characteristics of the children and their parents. The Shapiro–Wilk test was utilized to assess the normality of the scale data. Pearson correlation analysis examined the relationship between parents’ epilepsy-related fears and their children's seizure self-efficacy, while multiple regression analysis determined the effect of parental fears on children's seizure self-efficacy.

Results

The mean age of children included in the study was 12.65±2.37 years. Analysis revealed a strong and significant negative correlation between parents’ epilepsy-related fears during the COVID-19 period and the seizure self-efficacy of their children. In the model created with regression analysis, The mean scores of parents on the short-term fears of parents about epilepsy of the EFPQ explained 85 % of children's seizure self-efficacy. The mean scores of parents on the long-term fears of parents about epilepsy of the EFPQ explained 85 % of children's seizure self-efficacy. It was determined that all of these variables together explained 85 % of the seizure self-efficacy of children with epilepsy.

Conclusion

The findings of the study underscore the importance of addressing parents’ fears regarding epilepsy, emphasizing the need for healthcare professionals to be aware of and provide support for these concerns. Future studies should focus on interventions to enhance the seizure self-efficacy of children with epilepsy.

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Keywords : Epilepsy, COVID-19, Children, Parents, Fear, Self-efficacy


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© 2024  French Society of Pediatrics. Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS. Tous droits réservés.
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