The internal structures of cerebral white matter in patients with hemimegalencephaly have not yet been investigated except for one, which evaluated aberrant fibers. We examined interhemispheric fiber tracts (FT) passing through the corpus callosum using magnetic resonance (MR) diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).
MR studies, including DTI, were performed in nine consecutive patients with hemimegalencephaly and in 11 patients with West syndrome as disease controls. The interhemispheric FT passing through the corpus callosum were evaluated in six regional geometric subdivisions in every hemimegalencephaly and West syndrome patient (54 and 66 subregions, respectively), and the distribution and volume differences between affected and unaffected hemispheres were all compared.
In patients with hemimegalencephaly, interhemispheric FT were symmetrically distributed in 27 (50%) of the 54 corpus callosum subregions. However, the FT were distributed to different areas in the same lobes in 22 (40%) subregions, and to different lobes in five (9%) subregions. FT volumes were symmetrical in 35 (65%) subregions, while FT volumes on the affected side were greater, but less than those on the unaffected side, in 14 (26%) and five (9%) subregions, respectively. In contrast, in the West syndrome patients, interhemispheric FT showed symmetrical distributions and volumes in all regions.
Asymmetrical interhemispheric FT are often observed in patients with hemimegalencephaly, and DTI was a useful means of elucidating the internal structures of white matter.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Diffusion tensor, MRI, Hemimegalencephaly, Corpus callosum