Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in systemic disease (SD) is unusual. MRI features of such lesions are unfamiliar to most radiologists. The diagnosis of SD is still based on clinical features and laboratory findings but some characteristic MRI findings exist for each SD: micronodular leptomeningeal enhancement in sarcoidosis, diffuse or focal pachymeningeal involvement in Wegener disease, dentate nuclei and brain stem lesions in Langerhans cell histiocytosis, meningeal masses, dentate nuclei lesions and periarterial infiltration in Erdheim-Chester disease, meningeal masses in Rosai-Dorfman disease, veinular pontic lesions and cerebral vein thrombosis in Behçet, supratentorial microvascular lesions in lupus and antiphospholipid and Gougerot-Sjögren syndrome. In this work, we explain, describe and illustrate the most characteristic MRI findings for each disease.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Systemic diseases, Brain MRI, Granulomatosis, Histiocytosis, Behçet’s disease