Vitamin D through the vitamin D nuclear receptor (VDR) plays a key role in mineral ion homeostasis. The liver is central in vitamin D synthesis, however the direct involvement of the vitamin D-VDR axis on the liver remains to be evaluated. In this review, we will describe vitamin D metabolism and the mechanisms of homeostatic control. We will also address the associations between the vitamin D-VDR axis and pathological liver entities, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, autoimmune liver disease, viral hepatitis and liver cancer. The link between liver diseases and the vitamin D-VDR axis will be discussed in light of evidences arising from in vitro and in vivo studies. Finally, we will consider the therapeutic potential of the vitamin D-VDR axis in liver diseases.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.