Do diagnostic X-rays increase the risk of developing cancer?
Epidemiological risk analysis.
By age 75, the cumulative risks of cancer resulting from diagnostic X-rays were estimated to be between 0.6% (in the UK and Poland) and 3.2% (Japan). In all other populations the estimated risk was between 0.7% and 1.8%. The UK risk correlates to 700 cases per year including 111 bladder cancers, 107 colon cancers and 61 lung cancers.
According to their model, the estimated cumulative risk of cancer caused by diagnostic X-rays varied between countries, however most were fewer than 2%. In Japan the estimated cumulative risk exceeded 3%.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cancer, Risk factors, X-rays, Statistical models
| Abstracted from: Berrington de González A, Darby S. Risk of cancer from diagnostic X-rays: estimates for the UK and 14 other countries. Lancet 2004; 363: 345–351.