Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) groups all the signs secondary to the obstruction of superior vena cava drainage and the increase in the venous pressure in the territories upstream. There are two major causes of SVCS: malignant, dominated by bronchopulmonary cancer, and benign, often secondary to the presence of poorly positioned implantable venous devices. CT scan is the key examination for the exploration of SVCS. It specifies the characteristics of the stenosis, its aetiology and detects collateral venous routes. Scannography reconstructions provide a true map of the obstacle, indispensable in planning the endovascular treatment.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Superior vena cava syndrome, Phleboscanner, Endoprosthesis, Overload syndrome, Central catheter
Abbreviations : SVCS, SVC, IVC, MIP, ITV