Fractures of the distal femur are rare and severe. The estimated frequency is 0.4% with an epidemiology that varies: there is a classic bimodal distribution, with a frequency peak for men in their 30s and a peak for elderly women; however, at present it is found predominantly in women and in the elderly with more than 50% of patients who are over 65. The most common mechanism is an indirect trauma on a bent knee, and more rarely direct trauma by crushing. The anatomy of the distal femur explains the three major types of fracture. Because of the anatomy of the distal femur, only surgical treatment is indicated to stabilize the fracture. A non-surgical treatment is a rare option. The aim of this report was to provide an update on the existing surgical solutions for the management of these fractures and describe details of the surgical technique applicable to these injuries. Recent radiological, clinical and biomechanical data published in the literature are reported to compare different surgical options.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Distal femur, Fracture, Supracondylar and intercondylar fracture, Internal fixation, Biomechanics