Dermoscopy is a noninvasive tool that can be helpful in the diagnosis of nonpigmented skin tumors. This is because dermoscopy permits the visualization of key vascular structures that are usually not visible to the naked eye. Much work has concentrated on the identification of specific morphologic types of vessels that allow a classification into melanocytic versus nonmelanocytic and benign versus malignant nonpigmented skin tumors. Among a broad spectrum of different types of vascular patterns, six main morphologies can be identified. These are comma-like, dotted, linear-irregular, hairpin, glomerular, and arborizing vessels. With some exceptions, comma, dotted, and linear irregular vessels are associated with melanocytic tumors, while the latter three vascular types are generally indicative of keratinocytic tumors. Aside from vascular morphology, the architectural arrangement of vessels within the tumor and the presence of additional dermoscopic clues are equally important for the diagnosis. This article provides a general overview of the dermoscopic evaluation of nonpigmented skin tumors and is divided into two parts. Part I discusses the dermoscopic vascular patterns of benign and malignant melanocytic skin tumors. Part II discusses the dermoscopic vascular patterns of benign and malignant nonmelanocytic nonpigmented skin tumors. In each part, additional special management guidelines for melanocytic and nonmelanocytic nonpigmented skin tumors, respectively, will be discussed.
After completing this learning activity, participants should be able to categorize different vascular structures and the architectural arrangement of vessels within tumors and additional dermoscopic clues of nonpigmented skin tumors, recognize the diagnostic significance of vessels associated with nevi and melanoma, and appropriately manage nonpigmented melanocytic skin tumors.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Key words : amelanotic melanoma, Clark nevus, dermal nevus, dermoscopy, hypomelanotic melanoma, Spitz nevus, Spitz tumor, vessels
Abbreviations used : AHM, AK, BCC, BD, CCA, CMN, DM, IEC, KA, NPSL, NPST, PPV, PST, SCC, SH, SK
| Dr Zalaudek is supported by the Elise Richter Program (V9-B05) of the Austrian Science Fund (FWF).
| Conflicts of interest: The authors, editors, planners, and peer reviewers have no relevant financial relationships.