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Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is reserved for osteoarthritis confined to a single femoro-tibial compartment with an intact anterior cruciate ligament. UKA remains controversial. The objective of this retrospective multicentre study in a large sample was to assess the influence of age, sex, body mass index (BMI), patellofemoral involvement, and implant design on functional outcomes and prosthesis survival rates.
Material and methods
Nine hundred and forty-four patients who underwent UKA at centres located in western France between 1988 and 2008 were re-evaluated. The IKS scores and KOOS were determined. Prosthesis survival according to various factors was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method.
A clinical evaluation was performed in 720 cases after a mean follow-up of 62months. The IKS function score improved by 23.6 points in men and 17.3 points in women (P=0.007). Ten-year prosthesis survival was 83.7% overall; 79% in women versus 87% in men (P<0.01); and 76.7% in patients younger than 70years versus 88.3% in those 70years or over (P<0.01). BMI had no significant influence on prosthesis survival. No significant differences between clinical outcomes or prosthesis survival were found across implant design categories.
The retrospective design and large number of centres and surgeons mandate caution when interpreting our results. Subgroup sizes were too small for an analysis of factors such as anterior cruciate ligament deficiency, BMI>40kg/m2, or cementless implant.
Level of evidence
Level IV, retrospective study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, Knee osteoarthritis
| Round Table on Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty.