Few studies have evaluated pemphigus treatments according to the definitions of the consensus statement. Prognostic factors for complete remission off therapy (CRoffT) remain unknown.
We sought to assess the rate of CRoffT in patients with pemphigus treated with different regimens.
In all, 134 patients with pemphigus were included in a retrospective, multicenter study. Primary end point was the rate of CRoffT. Prognostic factors for CRoffT were determined using univariate and multivariate analyses.
Eighty patients with pemphigus vulgaris, 47 with pemphigus foliaceus, and 7 with paraneoplastic pemphigus were included. Mean age was 60 ± 18 years. Patients were treated either with medium (≤0.5 mg/kg/d) (n = 32) or high (≥1 mg/kg/d) (n = 59) doses of prednisone, or without systemic corticosteroids (n = 43). Mean follow-up was 77 ± 64 months. In all, 68 patients (50.7%) achieved CRoffT (95% confidence interval 42.3%-59.2%) after a mean treatment duration of 36 ± 39 months, including 47 of 80 patients with pemphigus vulgaris (58.7%) and 21 of 47 with pemphigus foliaceus (44.7%). Main prognostic factors for CRoffT were initial mucosal involvement (hazard ratio 2.2; 95% confidence interval 1.05-4.58; P = .036) and younger age (<61 years) (hazard ratio 2.5; 95% confidence interval 1.18-5.12; P = .0167). The rate of long-lasting CRoffT was 44%, with a mean follow-up after treatment withdrawal of 59 ± 50 months.
This was a retrospective study.
The rate of CRoffT was 51%. Patients with pemphigus vulgaris were more likely to achieve CRoffT than those with pemphigus foliaceus.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Key words : follow-up, pemphigus, treatment
Abbreviations used : CI, CR, CRoffT, CS, MMF, PF, PNP, PV
| Funding sources: None.
| Conflicts of interest: None declared.