Médecine

Paramédical

Autres domaines


S'abonner

Female sex offenders: A challenge to certain paradigmes. Meta-analysis - 09/11/13

Doi : 10.1016/j.sexol.2013.05.002 
M.-H. Colson, MD a, , L. Boyer, MD, PhD b , K. Baumstarck, MD c , A.D. Loundou, PhD d
a CRIR-AVS, Department of Psychiatry, hôpital Sainte-Marguerite, AP–HM, 270, avenue Sainte-Marguerite, 13274 Marseille, France 
b Department of Neurology, Timone University Hospital, 27, boulevard Jean-Moulin, 13385 Marseille cedex 05, France 
c EA3279, Self-Perceived Health Assessment Research Unit, School of Medicine, Aix-Marseille University, 27, boulevard Jean-Moulin, 13385 Marseille cedex 05, France 
d Self-Perceived Health Assessment Research Unit, School of Medicine, Aix-Marseille University, 27, boulevard Jean-Moulin, 13385 Marseille cedex 05, France 

Corresponding author.

Summary

Introduction

The subject of sex offenses committed by women has not received very much attention until now. In the light of the much more significant numbers of offenses committed by men, female sexual criminality has always taken a back seat and is frequently overlooked altogether. The very idea of its existence came up against a lot of resistance for many years; it just seemed too absurd that a woman could be sexually dangerous for a child or a man. The fact that female sex crime has been shrouded in silence for so long has concealed its grave consequences and implications, and yet the survivors of female sexual abuse have reported that sexual abuse by women was more harmful and detrimental than any sexual abuse they had experienced from men.

Method

From a total 4,712 publications, identified using keywords searches on Medline, EMBASE, and PsycInfo (1984 to December 2011), we selected 61 papers using methodological criteria of evidence-based medicine. Our literature review studied 6,293 cases of female sex offenders in these 611 publications.

Results

Our review, conducted on a large population covering 61 of the most recent acceptable evidence-based studies, enables us to confirm three already-known suppositions: (1) female sex offenders have themselves often been victims not only of sex abuse (49.1%), but perhaps more importantly, of other types of family violence and instability (55.4%); (2) 51.2% suffer from psychiatric disorders, depression and/or mental retardation; (3) they are more likely to attack their own children or other close relatives before looking for victims outside of their family unit (63.9%). However, there are other generally held beliefs that do not seem to be based on fact and should certainly be reviewed, in particular concerning the belief that female sex offenders are not dangerous: 1) alcohol and drug abuse appeared in our series as less significant (29.1%) than previously described in older research, and seemed to confirm the results found with more rigourous data and larger scope studies described in the more recent literature; 2) female sex offenders are more likely to choose male victims (60%) over female victims (40%); 13.3% of them do not have any sexual preference; 3) contrary to popular belief, more female sex offenders commit their first crime alone than with an accomplice (66.7% of them act alone); 4) violence and coercion is far from absent when a female commits a sex offense (45.8% of cases); 5) although repeat sex offenses are rare, in a large number of cases (40.3%), female sex offenders have already been charged with other criminal offenses, or have repeat offenses in non-sexual criminal acts.

Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.

Keywords : Female sexual offenders, Violence, Female, Childhood sexual abuse, Female sexual perpetrators


Plan


© 2013  Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS.
Ajouter à ma bibliothèque Retirer de ma bibliothèque Imprimer
Export

    Export citations

  • Fichier

  • Contenu

Vol 22 - N° 4

P. e109-e117 - octobre 2013 Retour au numéro
Article précédent Article précédent
  • Marital, sexual and psychological functioning of older couples living at home: The results of a national survey using longitudinal methodology (part one)
  • G. Trudel, L. Dargis, L. Villeneuve, J. Cadieux, R. Boyer, M. Préville

Bienvenue sur EM-consulte, la référence des professionnels de santé.
L’accès au texte intégral de cet article nécessite un abonnement.

Déjà abonné à cette revue ?

Mon compte


Plateformes Elsevier Masson

Déclaration CNIL

EM-CONSULTE.COM est déclaré à la CNIL, déclaration n° 1286925.

En application de la loi nº78-17 du 6 janvier 1978 relative à l'informatique, aux fichiers et aux libertés, vous disposez des droits d'opposition (art.26 de la loi), d'accès (art.34 à 38 de la loi), et de rectification (art.36 de la loi) des données vous concernant. Ainsi, vous pouvez exiger que soient rectifiées, complétées, clarifiées, mises à jour ou effacées les informations vous concernant qui sont inexactes, incomplètes, équivoques, périmées ou dont la collecte ou l'utilisation ou la conservation est interdite.
Les informations personnelles concernant les visiteurs de notre site, y compris leur identité, sont confidentielles.
Le responsable du site s'engage sur l'honneur à respecter les conditions légales de confidentialité applicables en France et à ne pas divulguer ces informations à des tiers.