The outcomes of surgically treated acetabular fractures are dependent on many factors. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate these factors in a group of patients operated on by a single surgeon in one institute.
One hundred and eighteen patients, treated surgically for their displaced acetabular fracture and who had completed two years follow-up, were evaluated clinically with Modified Postel Merle d’Aubigné score and radiologically with Matta's radiological outcome grading. The effect of age (≤55 or >55years), gender, fracture displacement (≤20mm or >20mm), hip dislocation, delay in surgery (≤2weeks or >2weeks), associated injury and length of follow-up (≤5years or >5years) on the functional outcome was evaluated.
There were 99 (83.9%) males and 19 (16.1%) females with mean age of 38.75years (16 to 65years). The mean duration of follow-up was 3.95 years (range 2 to 14 years). The mean Modified Postel Merle d’Aubigné score was 15.7±2.2 (range, 8 to 18). The clinical outcome was excellent in 27 (22.9%), good in 52 (44.2%), fair in 20 (16.9%), and poor in 19 (16.1%, 10 patients who underwent THR for secondary arthritis were considered as poor outcome) patients. The Modified Postel Merle d’Aubigné score was significantly affected by quality of reduction (P=0.0001), presence of associated injuries (P=0.0001), initial fracture displacement of >20mm (P=0.018), joint dislocation (P=0.015) and delay in surgery (P=0.001). However, age, gender, fracture type and length of follow-up did not have any effects on the clinical outcome.
Poor reduction, associated injuries, fracture displacement of >20mm, joint dislocation and late surgery definitely carry poor prognosis in predicting the outcome of surgically treated acetabular fractures.
Level of evidence
Level IV, retrospective study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Acetabulum fracture, Surgical treatment, Outcome, Predictors, Prognosis