Sacro-iliac arthrodesis usually requires an extended posterior approach, which is associated with a number of dreaded complications. Here, we assessed the feasibility of arthroscopic exploration of the dislocated sacro-iliac joint.
Materials and methods
In the first step of our study, we used ligament section to induce loss of sacro-iliac joint coaptation in a cadaver. We then studied 5 patients with Tile C pelvic ring injuries. Arthroscopy was used to clear the joint of fibrous tissue and to roughen the bone to subchondral level in order to induce sacro-iliac arthrodesis. In addition, posterior fixation was performed using a hinge system or an ilio-sacral screw.
The cadaver study confirmed the feasibility of sacro-iliac arthroscopy after disruption of the strong posterior inter-osseous ligament. In the clinical part of the study in 5 patients with Tile C pelvic ring injuries, arthroscopy allowed direct visualisation extending to the anterior part of the joint space. A power burr and synovial knife were introduced to remove the interposed fibrous tissue and to roughen the bone to subchondral level in order to induce joint fusion. In addition, percutaneous or open posterior fixation was performed in all 5 patients. No infectious complications were recorded.
An arthroscope cannot be introduced into the normal sacro-iliac joint. In contrast, after traumatic sacro-iliac dislocation, arthroscopy can be used to evaluate the intra-articular injuries and to roughen the bone to subchondral level.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Sacro-iliac joint, Arthroscopy, Arthrodesis, Non-union