Frontal plane varus deviation is one of the mechanisms hypothesized to be involved in the pathogenesis of medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. But only a few authors have suggested a role for tibial and femoral torsion. In the current study, CT scan was used to measure bone torsion. The torsional morphology of the lower limb was defined by the “index of cumulative torsions” (ICT). The resulting values were compared to the frontal angular deviation data. The effects of tibial and femoral torsion on the position of the lower limb during the stance phase of walking and the consequences for the knee are discussed.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Knee, Knee osteoarthritis, Bone torsion, CT scan
|☆|| Original article. For citation, use not the present reference but that of the original publication: Duparc F, Thomine JM, Simonet J, Biga N. [Femoral and tibial bone torsions associated with internal femoro-tibial osteoarthritis. Index of cumulative torsions]. Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot 1992;78(7):430-7.