The semiological description of masses in mammography is based on the BI-RADS system provided by the American College of Radiology. The contour is the most discriminating morphological criterion between benign and malignant masses. Most circumscribed masses are benign. Nevertheless, due to specific histological characteristics, certain malignant lesions or lesions with a risk of malignancy may appear in the mammography in this falsely reassuring form. An indistinct contour in the mammography is suspicious and requires a tissue sample. The positive predictive value of malignancy varies according to the morphology of the contour. It is lower for microlobulated contours, increases for masked, then indistinct contours and reaches 96% for spiculated contours. However, in rare cases, certain benign lesions may appear in the form of spiculated masses. In these specific cases, a correlation between the histological results with the imaging data is essential in order to avoid failing to recognise an underlying malignant lesion that the biopsy may have underestimated.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Breast, Mammography, Anatomopathology